2020DahaoZine-0202-600

|Ch2 節氣考
|Ch2 Solar Terms

【立春】
【Beginning of Spring】

春日後五日,春態紛婀娜。當地球繞太陽公轉到達黃道315度時,約莫是陽曆2月4日前後,春臨大地。「春」的古字,上從「艸」,中為「屯」,下加一「日」,意指太陽提供生發的能量,草木破土而出。

After the five days of Spring, Li Chun marks the arrival of Spring and the living things has been rouse up. When the sun traveling to 315 celestial longitude is called as Beginning of Spring around the 4th of February. The character of Chun in Chinese word, the top means grass, mid symbols of agriculture, and the bottom is sun which offers the energy, the plants has came out.

立春的節氣三候分別為「一候,東風解凍;二候,蟄蟲始振;三候,魚陟負冰」,溫暖的春風如吹號角般的喚醒冰凍的大地,也呼叫出冬季蟄伏土裡的小蟲子;魚兒等不及河面的冰全消融,歡快的負冰悠游。

Beginning of Spring consists of three Pentad: for the first pentad, the east wind unfreezes the earth and the temperature gradually increases; in the second pentad, insects wake up from hibernation and start to move around; in the last pentad, lakes begin to thaw out the fishes can be clearly observed and move upward from the the relatively warm and deep area, swimming with the dissolved ice on the water.

2020DahaoZine-0202-01-02

「春日春風動,春江春水流。春人飲春酒,春官鞭春牛。」立春日,人們執春杖,鞭打泥塑的春牛,宣告一年之計在於春,祈一年之豐碩。元宵節在華人陰陽合曆的曆法中與節氣立春巧妙相遇,元宵節有「小過年」之稱,圓滾滾的元宵,有如包裹著人們美好的春日祝福,象徵團圓無缺。元宵節又名「燈節」,人們點燈猜謎,給春天報上祈願歡愉的信息。

The breezes blow, the streams flow, people drink wine and whip the cattle in the Spring Time. At the beginning of Spring, people hold the stick to whip the spring mud-cattle status, it announces making the plans for the year in Spring to pray for a bumper harvest year. During the period of the Spring’s arrival, the traditional Lantern Festival meets together; it called the small New Year. Sweet Dumpling looks like wrapping the best wishes for everyone, also represents all family member getting together. It was known as Lanterns Day, people guess lantern festival to pray for the merry in Spring.

2020DahaoZine-0202-02

【雨水】
【Rain Water】

春風化雨,草木萌動。當地球繞太陽公轉到達黃道330度時,約莫是國曆2月19日前後。溫暖和煦的春風,吹融了高山積雪,空氣濕度提升,春雨隨之而降。春屬木,雨水降生潤澤草木,生意盎然。

Under the spring rain’s moistening, all plants return to life and begin to sprout and grow.Around the 19th of February every year, when sun travel 330 celestial longitude is called as Rain Water. The warmness spring wind blow the snow in the high mountain, the humid in the air rises, spring rain fall come. Spring belongs to wood, the rain moistens the plants into the green space.

2020DahaoZine-0202-01-01

雨水的節氣三候分別是「一候,獺祭魚;二候,候雁北;三候,草木萌動」,水獺感知春意,捕捉破冰而出的魚,在享用之前,還不忘將魚陳列於岸邊,祭天謝地一番;秋季遷徙南方避寒的大雁北返迎春;草木沐浴著雨水,破土而出,恍若隨著雨滴的節奏,韻律起舞。

好雨知時節,當春乃發生。隨風潛入夜,潤物細無聲。水是大地之母,雨水是春天的希望。耕種時最怕乾旱,雨水時節,絲絲細雨輕柔的跟剛從寒冬甦醒的大地說:「別再沉睡了!該起床囉!人們在立春時節播下的種籽,正等著你生養呢!」

Rain Water into three pentads: in the first pentad, the otter begins to hunt fishes; in the second petal, with the rising temperature, wild geese return to the north from the south; in the third pentad, under the spring rain’s moistening, all plants return to life, seem to dance followed by the rhyme of rain. Rain marks the arrival of spring, it slips into the night by wind, moistens all with soundlessness. Water is the mother of land, rain is the hope fo Spring. The farming works is so much afraid of drought, Therefore the farmers wake up all living things begin to turn over the soil, sow the seed and apply fertilizer at the beginning of spring, it seems that the rain water gentlely talks to the land from the winter sleeping.

撰文: 道禾幼兒園 大墩校主任 梁嫈琳
Author: Director of Daohe Preschool, Da-dun Campus,Irene Ying-Lin Liang

譯文: 道禾竹北校美語主管 龔品蓁
Translator: Director of English Department, Zhubei Campus, Doris Kung

圖像設計: 道禾大墩校 陳家榮
Iconographer: Daohe Preschool, Da-dun Campus, Jack Chia-Jung Chen

攝影: 道禾設計部 郭育伸、辜筱茜
Photographer: Design Department of Natural Way School,Yu-Shen Kuo、Hsiao-Chien Ku