2020DahaoZine-03_600

|Ch4 經典教案-節氣活動-家鄉、家香、團圓過好年
|Ch4 Classic Lesson Plan-Solar-term Activity – Hometown, Homemade Foods, The Sweet Memories of Family Gathering during Chinese New Year

春節過年是華人文化裏很重要的一個節日,人們隨著大自然的四時脈絡奔波了一年下來,春節時刻放下手邊工作一家團聚彼此分享著、關照著;歲末此時的凝聚也是情感流動的力量溫暖著每個人的內在。道禾是個學習村落,村落裡的大人小孩每到一月都會從生活課程堆疊過年的歡喜熱鬧氛圍;年前,也會邀請爸媽參與孩子的「綵獅舞新春」年節活動,一起團圓鬧新春招個好彩頭。

2020DahaoZine-0301

從生活中預備過年這件事我們會從民間傳統故事開始
「說經典,繪經典;從傳統文化藝術中認識『年』」,相傳「年」是一種可怕的怪獸,每到歲末冬季總會出現下山來覓食……。這是一到過年時節耳熟能詳的中國民間故事,「年獸」因怕紅紅的火、巨大聲響的竹砲聲,於是大家流傳著過年家家家戶戶貼紅紅春聯,討個喜氣迎春好運來的習俗;在藝術課裡老師們會帶孩子畫春聯與刻版畫印門神。吉祥話、畫吉祥對孩子來說不只容易朗朗上口,也是一堂好玩的“畫“字活動。尤其是版畫課程中,不管是神仙的長相或是年獸,因為誰也都沒看過,在故事描述的想像下,孩子的想像力與創造力可是超有特色且充滿童趣的啊!一堂有趣的年節印版活動開啟了過年的常民文化典故。

2020DahaoZine-0302

從生活中預備過年這件事,我們會從自然與土地的厚澤開始
「拔蘿蔔!煮蘿蔔!做一個傳家香味的蘿蔔糕。」

秋末要進入冬季前,老師帶著孩子種下蘿蔔於日常照顧著,慢慢等待冬末收成時成為過年的桌上佳餚,在醃製泡曬釀的古法智慧下製作成節氣食育的教學與味道。蘿蔔成熟時,孩子們開心的拔著蘿蔔,聞聞蘿蔔的香味、努力的幫蘿蔔洗澡削皮刨絲,最後將刨好的蘿蔔絲放入水中一起煮開後加上鹽、胡椒粉及一些食材,加入粉漿用水拌勻後蒸40分就完成這道美味的港式蘿蔔糕;當香氣出來時孩子們都說好香喔!孩子們品嚐親手製作的蘿蔔糕很捧場的說:「好好吃!」。

2020DahaoZine-0303 從生活中預備過年這件事,我們會從傳家的味覺記憶開始
「吃年糕!年年高昇!吃發糕!發大財!」

過年家家戶戶必定準備的節日食材,就是吃「年糕」、「發糕」, 發粿蘊含「發財」意味,只要發的好代表發財,而甜甜的年糕含有祝賀五穀豐登的意思;華人文化裡喜歡以諧音來隱喻吉祥之意,因此吃年糕還有「年高」長壽之意。

這天老師說著「灶神」的故事,相傳~農曆十二月二十四日開始是「灶神」準備回天庭覆命的日子,百姓們在灶神升天當日,希望以甜食來祭拜,期盼「灶神」升上天庭後能說些甜言蜜語的好話……。故事說完進入節氣課程,老師們帶著孩子將糯米粉或發糕粉到進盆中,再倒入糖水努力的攪拌後,將麵糊倒進模具中,再將麵糊輕輕的敲一敲,讓氣泡跑出來,最後放進電鍋蒸,完成後切成一塊塊,或是一杯杯的小發糕,用牛皮紙包好貼上紅紙,最後用麻繩綁好帶回家分享,也藉此祝賀大家恭喜發財囉!

「一元復始,萬象更新!」連日的灑掃、擦洗換來窗明几淨,攜老扶幼換上新衣後,像是一切都從新開始;孩子在各班老師的帶領下課程在生活裡慢慢地醞釀著、堆疊著。過年!過年!一年到頭迴轉更新,人們就在自己的傳統習俗,故事經典,文化價值中,賀歲迎春納吉祥!

Chinese New Year is a major holiday for Chinese people. It is associated with several myths and customs. The festival is traditionally a time to honour deities as well as ancestors. Within China, regional customs and traditions concerning the celebration of the New Year vary widely, but the evening preceding Chinese New Year’s Day is frequently regarded as an occasion for Chinese families to gather for an annual reunion dinner. It’s also traditional for every family to thoroughly clean their house, in order to sweep away any ill-fortune and to make way for incoming good luck. Another custom is the decoration of windows and doors with red paper cut-outs and couplets. Popular themes among these include good fortune, happiness, wealth, and longevity. Other activities include lighting firecrackers and giving money in red paper envelopes.

At Natural Way, we introduce our students to the Chinese New Year through teaching them with traditional folktales, such as “A Monster named Nian “, “The Mouse Bride “and “The Kitchen God-Zao Shen”. We also wish to give our students a sense of connection to the Earth in preparation for the New Year. We prepare by planting radishes during the end of Autumn. Then we harvest them and show the children how to make radish cakes for Chinese New Year. Foods play an integral role in Chinese culture, with many holidays and observances having their own particular dish or food that should be eaten on that day. These must-eat foods include Nian Gao and Fa Gao, which are some of China’s most famous and popular desserts. The Chinese name 年糕(nian gao) is a homophone for “to advance in years”, which symbolizes increasing prosperity and promotions year after year. The Chinese name for steamed sponge cake is 發糕(fa gao), reminiscent of the Chinese for making a fortune. It’s a Chinese custom to visit friends and relatives to deliver them best wishes for the coming year. Chinese New Year is also known as the Spring Festival. It is still very wintry, but the holiday marks the end of the coldest day of the year. People welcome spring and what it brings along: planting and harvesting, new beginnings and fresh starts.

撰文: 道禾幼兒園 竹東校園長 黃麗謹
Author: Head of Daohe Preschool, Zhudong Campus,Serena Li-Ching Huang

譯文: 道禾幼兒園美語組長 林玉鳳
Translator: Director of English Department, Daohe Preschool, ZhuDong Campus, Alisa Yu-Feng Lin

英文編輯: 專案執行 Ebrima Cham
English Editor: Project Executive, Ebrima Cham

攝影: 道禾設計部  郭育伸、張雅涵・竹東校幼教老師 楊仍芬、楊家蓁、蕭婉怡
Photographer:Design Department of Natural Way School, Yu-Shen Kuo, Ya-han Chang,Kindergarten Teachers from Zhudong Campus, Reng-fen Yang, Jia-zhen Yang, Wan-yi Xiao